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Dholpur (Rajasthan) :-Geographical, Historical and Economic Prespective

RAS/RTS Prelims and Mains Exam Preparation

Dholpur (Rajasthan) District is a district of Rajasthan state in Northern India. The town of Dholpur (Rajasthan) is the district headquarters. Dhaulpur became a separate district in 1982

Dholpur (Rajasthan) according to the Epics was initially known as Dhawalgiri and later on Dhaulagir, and now as Dholpur (Rajasthan). Before the battle of Mahabharat this whole area was under the Yadavs. Whose different branches were spread over the entire area extending from the south of the river Chambal. Col.James Todd in his book Annals and Antiquities of Rajputana has mentioned that the area was submerged under sea during the Ramayan period. The key to the ancient history of Dholpur (Rajasthan) is the ruins of strength fort which is situated on the bank of river Chambal.

Dholpur (Rajasthan) District has an area of 3084 km². The Chambal River forms the southern boundary of the district, across which lies the state of Madhya Pradesh. The district is bounded by the state of Uttar Pradesh on the east and northeast, by Bharatpur District of Rajasthan on the northwest, and Karauli District of Rajasthan on the west. All along the bank of the Chambal River the district is deeply intersected by ravines; low ranges of hills in the western portion of the district supply quarries of fine-grained and easily worked red sandstone.

Administratively the district is divided into four subdivisions, Dholpur (Rajasthan), Bari, Rajakhera, and Baseri, and five tehsils, Dholpur (Rajasthan), Badi, Rajakhera, Basedi, and Saipau.

The economy of the district is primarily agricultural. The regional language of Dholpur (Rajasthan) is “Braj Bhasha” that has fragrance of Bundelkhandi and Khadi bhasha. It is because Dholpur (Rajasthan) is situated at the center surrounded by three state of Braj kshetra, that are Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.

Places to visit in the city are Ramsagar Sanctuary, National Chambal (Gharial) Wildlife Sanctuary, Shree Ramchand and Hanuman Temple, Van Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary etc.

Dhaulpur (Dholpur (Rajasthan)) District : Census 2011 data

An official Census 2011 detail of Dhaulpur (Dholpur (Rajasthan)), a district of Rajasthan has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in Rajasthan. Enumeration of key persons was also done by census officials in Dhaulpur District of Rajasthan.

In 2011, Dhaulpur had population of 1,206,516 of which male and female were 653,647 and 552,869 respectively. In 2001 census, Dhaulpur had a population of 983,258 of which males were 538,103 and remaining 445,155 were females. Dhaulpur District population constituted 1.76 percent of total Maharashtra population. In 2001 census, this figure for Dhaulpur District was at 1.74 percent of Maharashtra population.

There was change of 22.71 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, Dhaulpur District recorded increase of 37.71 percent to its population compared to 1991.

Dhaulpur Table Data

Description 2011 2001
Actual Population 1,206,516 983,258
Male 653,647 538,103
Female 552,869 445,155
Population Growth 22.71% 37.71%
Area Sq. Km 3,033 3,033
Density/km2 398 324
Proportion to Rajasthan Population 1.76% 1.74%
Sex Ratio (Per 1000) 846 827
Child Sex Ratio (0-6 Age) 857 860
Average Literacy 69.08 60.13
Male Literacy 81.22 75.09
Female Literacy 54.67 41.84
Total Child Population (0-6 Age) 217,613 220,261
Male Population (0-6 Age) 117,198 118,445
Female Population (0-6 Age) 100,415 101,816
Literates 683,098 458,782
Male Literates 435,721 315,121
Female Literates 247,377 143,661
Child Proportion (0-6 Age) 18.04% 22.40%
Boys Proportion (0-6 Age) 17.93% 22.01%
Girls Proportion (0-6 Age) 18.16% 22.87%

 

Bari Heritage and Hunting Lodge

One of the largest lodges in Rajasthan’s Dholpur (Rajasthan) is the Bari Heritage and Hunting Lodge. Built by Mughals with lush green cover, the hunting lodge at Bari is built in an L shape around a lake. The lodge has three pavilions which form the L-shaped structure. These pavilions also have an exclusive enclosure made by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, and also has hammams, where Sha Jahan used to relax. The lake itself is home to hundreads of migratory and native brids. Agra lies just 93 Kms from Bari.

 

Khanpur Mahal

Khanpur Mahal was an urge home for Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. The beautiful structures of Khanpur Mahal are the major attractions which mesmerize the visitors.

Laswari

It is here where Daulat Rao Scindia was defeated at the hands of Lord Lake. The oldest Mughal garden, built by Babur was dicovered at Jhor, the grandeur of which is still reflected in by its ruins. Damoh Waterfall and Kanpur Mahal are some of the places not to be missed.

Much Kund

Located 8 kms away from Dholpur (Rajasthan), Muchchhkund is a revered Hindu site. It was named after Raja Muchchhkund the 24th king of the Suryavanshi Dynasty (the solar race) who is believed to have reigned nineteen generations before Lord Ram.

That was thousands of years ago, and it’s really surprising how the legend has survived. The place bursts forth with life once a year when it becomes a pilgrim site. There are also the ruins of an ancient fort (1286) built by one Firoz Shah.

Muchchhkund is about 4 km from the town of Dholpur (Rajasthan). It is an ancient sacred place. It commands a picturesque view. The place is named after Raja Muchchhukand, the 24th of the Suryavanshi Dynasty (the solar race) who is said to have reigned nineteen generations before Lord Ram. According to legend, Raja Muchchhkund was sleeping here when demon Kaal Yaman (while pursuing lord Krishna) accidentally woke him up. The demon Kaal Yaman was burnt to ashes because of a divine blessing to Raja Muchchhkund. It is now a sacred place for pilgrims.

 

Muni Siddha Baba’s Tomb

At 2 km distance from the city on Hindu Muslim Unity Road Muni Siddha Baba’s Tomb is located. The Tomb is located about 200 feet high on a mountain. Here on every Thursday people of all religion devotes the blanket and flowers.

 

National Chambal (Gharial) Wildlife Sanctuary

National Chambal (Gharial) Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for the rare Ganges river dolphin. The sanctuary was founded in 1978 and is part of a large area co-administered by Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, within area of 5,400 km?. Approximately 400 km of the river is within the reserve. Apart from the Ganges river Dolphin, the other inhabitants of the sanctuary include mugger crocodile and gharial (Gavialis gangeticus). Migratory birds from Siberia form its rich avian fauna.

 

Nihal Tower (Ghantaghar)

 Rana Ram Singh of Dholpur (Rajasthan) was the Jat ruler of the princely state Dholpur (Rajasthan) (1901–1911) in Rajasthan

Situated at the Townhall road, this 150 feet high tower was made by Raja Nihal Singh in 1910. The foot of the tower is covered with 12 gates of similar size and cover around 120 feets.

Rana Ram Singh of Dholpur (Rajasthan) was the Jat ruler of the princely state Dholpur (Rajasthan) (1901–1911) in Rajasthan, India. He was from Bamraulia gotra of Jats. He was born on 26 May 1883 and succeeded Rana Nihal Singh in 1901 after his death. Rana Nihal Singh was not of age when ascended to the throne. He got full rights in March 1905. Nihal Singh constructed Nihal tower. His successor was Rana Udaybhanu Singh.

 

Radha Bihari Temple

In the city near Palace ‘Radha Bihari Temple’ keep greater priority in other religious places. The architecture and sculpture of the temple is excellent. Dholpur (Rajasthan) stone is used in the constuction of this temple.

 

 

Ramsagar Sanctuary

Contains picturesque Ramsagar Lake, which supports rich aquatic life including fresh water crocodiles and a number of fishes and snakes. Water birds such as Cormorants, White breasted water Hen, Moor Hen, Jacanas, River tern, Ringed Plover, Sand Piper and Herons (Green and Purple) are quite common. During winter month migratory ducks and geese also visit the lake in good numbers.

Ravines of Chambal

Just close to the ravines of Chambal, where no vegetation can occur, are the world’s oldest mountain range, The Aravallis, situated across 113 kms of area.

The Ravines of Chambal derives its name from Chambal River, has been a safe haven for gangs of dacoits for a number of decades. The Chambal ravine or ‘beehad’ (Hindi-बीहड़) has harbored dacoits (bandits) for centuries. One of the famous dacoits was Phoolan Devi, Lokman Dikshit, Man Singh & fakkad Baba who terrorised the entire Chambal valley. It is also known as the ” Veer Bhoomi Chambal ”

 

Saipau Mahadeo Temple

The temple of Lord Shiva, situated close to Parvati Lake, is an ancient temple.

 

Shergarh Fort

It is an old fort of historic importance, located towards the south of Dholpur (Rajasthan) town, beside the Chambal River. It was named after the Sultan of Delhi, Sher Shah Suri, the Shergarh fort was initially built as a form of defense against the rulers of Mewar in mid 16th century.

The fort is the model of rich delicate style architectures of past. Festooned with carved images, statues of Hindu gods and Jain motifs, Shergarh Fort was protected by water, considered as the charm of Dholpur (Rajasthan).

 

Shiva Temple

This is a historical monuments which boast great architectural beauty of all times. The shiva temple is located near the Gwalior Agra Road.

 

Shree Ramchand and Hanuman Temple

At 4 km distance from Dholpur (Rajasthan), the famous Hanuman temple and Ramchandrji are situated ; that was built in the period of King Kirtsingh. The statue of Hanuman is 7 feet high is a unique heritage. This temple also has statue of “Lord Ram” in 24 incarnations which mesmerise viewers.

 

Sone ka Gurja (Gold Gurja)

Just 19 km distance from the city ‘Sone ka Gurja (Gold Gurja)’ named temple is situated from the time of King Ashok. It has big carved dome on the top.

 

Talab -e- Shahi Lake

Just 40 kms from Dholpur (Rajasthan) is yet another scenic and historic lake known as Talab-e-shahi. Both the lake and the palace was constructed in 1617 AD. They were considered as the shooting lodge for Price Shahjahan. As a memorial, Talab- E- Shahi was made by the rulers of Dholpur (Rajasthan). Number of migratory lakes used to visit this lake. Migratory fowls like Pintals, shoveller, redcrested pochard, common pochard, tufted duck, common teal, garganery teal.

 

The Ancient Mughal Garden

The tiny village of Jhor (16km) has something to boast of too the oldest Mughal Garden of the subcontinent which was laid in 1527 by Babur. But this once-famous spread was discovered only in 1978, by Elizabeth Moynihan, the wife of the then United States Ambassador to India. Using Babur’s autobiography as a guide, Elizabeth meticulously traced clues from Uzbekistan to Dholpur (Rajasthan). But by then much of the once elaborate garden was wiped out. Another site worth seeing in Dholpur (Rajasthan) is the ancient Shiv Mandir,also called the Chaupara Mandir. It is located near the Gwalior-Agra road and is a monument of great architectural beauty.

 

Van Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary

Van Vihar Wild Life Sanctuary is situated almost 18 km away from Dholpur (Rajasthan). This wildlife sanctuary reserve of the paragons of Dholpur (Rajasthan).It almost covers an area of 59.86 km. It has a rich variety of wildlife.

 

  • Damoye: A waterfall in Sarmathura. It is the main tourist spot in whole district. It is visible in rainy season [July–September]. Besides this, Damoye has a long and green forest range with wild animals.

 

Other Places

  Chhatri of Rana Udaybhanu Singh, Jubali Hall, Bandh Devra Ramgarh, Brahmani Mata Temple, Machkund Temple, Manihara Mahadev Temple, Sitabari etc.

Geography

The geographical coordinates for Dholpur (Rajasthan) (Dhaulpur) are 26° 42′ 0″ North, 77° 54′ 0″ East.[3] Total area of Dholpur (Rajasthan) district is 3,034 sq. kilometers.[4]

Economy

The economy of Dhaulpur is primarily agricultural. Dholpur (Rajasthan) sandstone is mined in the area, which is simply called “Dholpur (Rajasthan)”, and was used in the construction of Rashtrapati Bhavan and Secretariat Building, New Delhi in the 1920s.[13] A gas-based thermal power plant of 330 Megawatt capacity has started working in Dholpur (Rajasthan).

Dholpur (Rajasthan) Combined Power Station is located in Dholpur (Rajasthan) City and is situated above 7 km from district headquarters on the bari road near Chawani. Based on gas this project is compatively safe in view of environment and water pollution. A 70 Meter high stack has been provided to release fuel gases into the atmosphere so as to disperse the emitted matter over a widespread area. This is a project of Rajasthan Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam Ltd. The installed capacity of three units of Dholpur (Rajasthan) Combined Power Station is 330MW.

Tasimo History[edit]

Tasimo Ke Veer Shaheed[edit]

To liberate the country, many people sacrificed their lives for the country. Similarly, the names of martyrs of Tasimo village of Dholpur (Rajasthan) come as martyrs Chhatar Singh Parmar and Shaheed Pancham Singh Kushwah. Who sacrificed his life for the country. The important event in the history of Dhaulpur was on 11th April, 1947 when the workers of the society gathered at Tasimo village gathering place. Then there was a ban on hoisting the flag, but the neem tree had a tricolor wave and the meeting was going on. At the same time, the Samajwadi police station Shamsher Singh, the Deputy Superintendent of Police, Gurudat Singh, and the Thanedar Aliazam reached the meeting with the police at the meeting and when they came forward to bring the flag of the Tricolor, Thakur Chhattar Singh, who was present in the assembly, stood in front of the soldiers and Tricolor said in the condition of not releasing the flag. In that very same, the police shot Thakur Chhattar Singh. Then Pancham Singh Kushwaha came forward and the police shot him too. As soon as the two martyrs fell on the ground, the people present in the gathering surrounded the neem tree that had become a tricolor and said that the shoot shot is ready for us to die for Bharat Mata. And the shouting of the name of Bharat Mata, the police retreated, seeing the matter deteriorating. Due to this martyrdom of freedom fighters, Tasimo village was recorded not only in Rajasthan but in the entire history of India, which is known in history as ‘Tasimo Goli Kand’. He, who did not care for his life, left his life for the Tricolor. Such were our heroes of Shaheed Chhattar Singh Parmar and Pancham Singh Kushvah of Dhaulpur. Pandit Roshanlal 83, who witnessed the incident, points out that the marks of bullets run by the police at the behest of the monarchy have not even blurred on their hands. The same witness, 86-year-old Jamunadas Mittal, said that for the shame of the Tricolor, two of his sons They are curious on martyrdom.

History[edit]

During the Buddha’s period[edit]

During Buddha’s time there were sixteen Mahajanapadas in Bharatvarsh.[citation needed] Dholpur (Rajasthan) at that time was included in Matsya Janpad. During the Mauryan rule it was included in the Mauryan Empire. From Gupta period to the arrival of Chinese traveler Huansuang Bharatpur, Karauli and Dholpur (Rajasthan) were a part of Mathura Janpad. Around the 8th to 10th centuries, Chauhans ruled over it. In the year 1194 it remained under Mohammed Gauri.

Tomar rule[edit]

Dholpur (Rajasthan) or Dhawalpuri was established in 700 AD by Raja Dholan Dev Tomar and most likely the name of city was changed to Dholpur (Rajasthan) after him. He resided 10 km south west of Dholpur (Rajasthan) at a place called Bilpur near chambal where a fort still exists.[5] His descendant Raja Dhawal Deo built the new town of Dholpur (Rajasthan) in 1050 AD. Their descendants are still living in the area and till independence were rulers of many small chieftainships in Morena and Gwalior. He was ruler of country between Chambal and Banganga. The Dholeshwar Mahadev Temple built by this Raja was washed away in Chambal floods of 1868 AD.[6] The Tomars lost sovereignty to Jadu’s of Karauli.

Yadava rulers of Karauli[edit]

The Dholpur (Rajasthan) fort was built by Dharampal, Raja of Karauli in 1120 A.D.[6]

During Delhi sultans[edit]

The famous Battle of Dholpur (Rajasthan) was fought in Dholpur (Rajasthan) between Rana Sanga and Ibrahim Lodi. Any invader, who wished to capture Gwalior and Malwa, had to pass through Dholpur (Rajasthan). In the year 1489 Bahlol Lodi before fighting with Gwalior king, faced the forces of the ruler of Dholpur (Rajasthan). During the year 1502 Sikandar Lodi had to fight with Dholpur (Rajasthan) King Vinayak Dev for about a year and then with great difficulty was successful in defeating him and capturing Dholpur (Rajasthan). Thus Dholpur (Rajasthan) came into prominence and bore the brunt of all the invading forces of the North Realising the strategic and geographical importance. It was Sikandar Lodi who first thought of having a military cantonment at Agra which was a small village under Bayana and at Dholpur (Rajasthan) in the year 1504, so that he could successfully carry out military designs against Gwalior and Malwa region. Dholpur (Rajasthan) being situated on the banks of the river Chambal was considered sate for the establishment of military cantonment and forts, during the medieval period. According to the “Tawarikh Shershahi” and “Babarnama” written by their courtiers, the credit for the construction of the Shergarh for goes to Shershah Suri.

Mughal period[edit]

Dholpur (Rajasthan) State part of the Rajputana Agency, 1909

After the battle of Panipat, Babar became the first Mughal ruler of Hindustan. His rule was not a bed of roses in the early years of his reign. After the death of Ibrahim Lodi, many states declared themselves independent. Talai Khan became the ruler of Gwalior. Similarly, Mohammed Jaifoon declared himself the ruler of Dholpur (Rajasthan). Babar sent Junniad Barlas to Dholpur (Rajasthan), who crushed the rebellion and took over the administration of Dholpur (Rajasthan) in his own hands.

Dholpur (Rajasthan) was known for its natural beauty, dense forests and ample games that attracted the royal princes regularly visiting this region during Mughal period. According to Humayunnama, Babar once took all his wives and consorts to Dholpur (Rajasthan) on the death of his son Anwar Mirza for a change. The beauty of Dholpur (Rajasthan) fascinated Akbar so much that he constructed the palaces at Khanpur on the banks of Talab-shahi near Bari. According to legends he constructed these palaces to make this place his capital. Later, on being offended by the residents, he left them and founded Fatehpur Sikri. The incident which paved the way for Aurangzab’s stability occurred at the place which sealed that fate of Dara Shikoh.

Once Dholpur (Rajasthan) became a matter of dispute between Shahjahan and Nur Jahan. Shahjahan requested Emperor Jehangir to give him the pargana of Dholpur (Rajasthan). Shahjahan, taking it for granted that the Emperor would give his consent, sent his faithful officer to Dholpur (Rajasthan). On the other hand, Nur Jahan had already acquired the Paragana of Dholpur (Rajasthan) for prince Shahryar. She deputed Sharif-ul-Malik to take charge of the administration. There was a clash between the two, in which Sharif-ul-Malik had an eye injury and many people died.[7] For this act of insolence Shahjahan was reprimanded and was asked to send his troops from the south to Agra immediately.

Gurjar rule[edit]

After the death of Aurangzeb, Raja Kalyan Singh Gurjar occupied the fort till 1761 AD, whence Raja of Bharatpur, the Jat ruler Maharaja Surajmal took control of the fort.[6]

Bamraulia rulers[edit]

In Second Anglo-Maratha War between the British and Marathas at Laswari on 1 November 1803, Lord Lake defeated Sindhia and vanished his reputation.[8][9] In this war the Jats helped the British. The British army officers had affection for Jats.[9]

Later the British concluded a treaty with the Jats and with their help defeated Marathas and won back Gwalior and Gohad from them. The British kept Gwalior with them but returned Gohad to the Jats in 1804.[10] Gohad was handed over to Marathas under a revised treaty dated 22 November 1805 between Marathas and British. Under the treaty Gohad ruler Rana Kirat Singh was given Dhaulpur, Badi and Rajakheda in exchange. Rana Kirat Singh moved to Dhaulpur in December 1805.[11] Sindhias were able to take over Gohad on 27 February 1806 with the help of the British. Thus the Rana Jat rulers of Bamraulia gotra ruled Gohad for 300 years from 1505–1805 and after that their rule was transferred at Dholpur (Rajasthan).[12]

British rule and after[edit]

After Mughals Rana vansh of Jats become ruler of Dhaulpur, during British Raj, it was part of the Rajputana Agency, till the Independence of India. The former mansion of the ruler of the erstwhile Dholpur (Rajasthan) State, Kesarbagh palace, now houses the Dholpur (Rajasthan) Military School, while its official residence in New Delhi, Dholpur (Rajasthan) House, is used by the Union Public Service Commission.

 

 

 

Very little is known of the early history of the state. According to tradition a predecessor state was established as Dhavalapura. In 1505 neighboring Gohad State was founded and between 1740 and 1756 Gohad was occupied by Gwalior State. From 1761 to 1775 Dholpur (Rajasthan) was annexed to Bharatpur State and between 1782 and December 1805 Dholpur (Rajasthan) was again annexed by Gwalior. On 10 January 1806 Dholpur (Rajasthan) became a British protectorate and in the same year the Ruler of Gohad merged Gohad into Dholpur (Rajasthan).[2][3]

The last ruler of Dholpur (Rajasthan) signed the instrument of accession to the Indian Union on 7 April 1949.[4]

Rulers[edit]

The rulers of the state were Hindu and were styled Maharaja from 1806 onwards.[2]  They were entitled to a 15-gun salute.

Rulers of Gohad (title Rana)[edit]

  • 1699 – 1713 Gaj Singh (d. 1713)
  • 1713 – 1717 Jaswant Singh (d. 1717)
  • 1717 – 1756 Bhim Singh (d. 1756)
  • 1756 – 1757 Pratap Singh (d. 1757)
  • 1757 – 1784 Chhatrapat Singh (d. 1788) (personal style Maharaj Rana from 1771)
  • 1784 – 1804 Interregnum
  • 1804 – 1806 Kirat Singh (b. 1763 – d. 1836)

Rulers of Dholpur (Rajasthan) (title Maharaja Rana)[edit]

  • 1806 – 21 Apr 1836Kirat Singh (s.a.)
  • 1836 – Dec 1836 Pohap Singh (d. 1836)
  • Dec 1836 – 7 Feb 1873Bhagwant Singh (b. 1824 – d. 1873) (from 2 Jun 1869, Sir Bhagwant Singh)
  • 7 Feb 1873 – 20 Jul 1901Nihal Singh (b. 1863 – d. 1901)
  • 7 Feb 1873 – 1884 Maharani Sateha Devi (b. 1845 – d. 1888) Bhawa (f) -Regent
  • 20 Jul 1901 – 29 Mar 1911Ram Singh (b. 1883 – d. 1911) (from 1 Jan 1909, Sir Ram Singh)
  • 20 Jul 1901 – Mar 1905 …. -Regent
  • 29 Mar 1911 – 15 Aug 1947Udai Bhan Singh (b. 1893 – d. 1954) (from 1 Jan 1918, Sir Udai Bhan Singh)
  • 29 Mar 1911 – 9 Oct 1913 …. -Regent

The descendants of Maharaj Udai Bhan Singh and Maharaj Nihal Singh are still carrying on their family legacy.

  • Dushyant Singh S/o Maharaj Hemant Singh and Vasundhra Raje Scindia
  • Veer Virender Singh S/o Maharaj Nihal Singh
  • Late. Keshav Singh Rana S/o Maharaj Nihal Singh
  • Rana Upender Singh S/o Keshav Singh
  • Prince Vikram Rana is the youngest member of the erstwhile ruling family, great grand son of Maharaj Nihal Singh

GEOLOGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES OF DHOLPUR (RAJASTHAN) DISTRICT

 

Dholpur (Rajasthan) district is situated in north-east corner of Rajasthan. It was declared as the 27th district of the State in the year 1982. Prior to this it was a sub-division of Bharatpur district. Dholpur (Rajasthan) is the smallest district of the state and lies between latitudes 22° 22′ to 26° 67′ and longitude 77° 14′ to 78° 16′ covering 3004 sq. km. area. It is bounded in the north by Bharatpur (Raj.) and Agra (U.P.) districts, in South by Muraina (U.P.) and Gwalior (M.P.) districts and in the west by Karauli district. The district has four Panchayat Samities, viz. Basedi, Bari, Dholpur (Rajasthan) and Rajakhera and five

Rocks of Bhander Group of Vindhyan Supergroup are exposed in the southern part of the district. The Rewa Group is represented by Indergarh sandstone. Its outcrops are exposed in west of Baseri and northwest of Sepau along the border. This is conformably overlain by rocks of Bhander Group, comprising Sirbu shale and Upper Bhander sandstone. The Sirbu shale occurs with interbeds of stromatolitic limestone, which is intermittantly exposed along the southern margin of the district bordering M.P. It is confirmably overlain by the upper Bhander sandstone which is well axposed in south west of Dholpur (Rajasthan).

tehsils, viz. Basedi, Bari, Dholpur (Rajasthan), Rajakhera and Sepau. Topographically, most of the part of the district has rugged topography formed by the rocks of Vindhyan Supergroup. Chambel is the only perenial river of the district. This river flows along the eastern border of the district as well as borders of the state seperating Rajasthan from Madhya Pradesh.

Geology :- Geologically the district comprises rocks of Rewa and Upper Bhander Groups of Vindhyan Supergroup. The Stratigraphic succession of the district is shown as below:

 

 

Quartenary                            –                       Soil & Alluvium

Upper Bhander (Maihar) Sandstone with intercalations of shale

Vindhyan                  Upper Bhander Group

Sirbu Shale with stromatolitic limestone

Super Group

Rewa Group                         Lower Rewa (Indergarh) Sandstone

 

Mineral Resources

The mineral wealth of the district is constituted mainly by sandstone & limestone. A total of 87 mining leases are existing in the district.

Dholpur (Rajasthan) district is known for its unique Sandstone. In general Dholpur (Rajasthan) sandstone is fine to medium grained, compact, resistant to acid, available in differente shades and colours and can be easily dressed and chiseled. It takes good polish at cut surface. The colour of the sandstone depends on the constituents of the cementing meterial. The famous Dholpur (Rajasthan) sandstone is being used in Rajasthan as will as in neighbouring states since centuries as building and dimensional stone. The famous historical buildings like Rashtrapati Bhawan, Red Forts of Agra and Delhi, Vidhansabha Bhawan, Jaipur and many other forts are built by the Dholpur (Rajasthan) sandstone. It is being used in roofing, flooring, panelling, beams; pillars, door and window sills, cladding, wall fancing, making of statue, perforated windows, jalies and carved decorative articles. Details of the important sandstone localities of the district

are given below.

Tehsil                         Village

  1. Bari Kankrai, Dhimri, Tanoti, Totpur, Naksonda, Richhai,

Chilaghund, Bhola Ka Pura, Birpur, Basai, Dang, Khanpur Gurjar, Bijauli, Maidana, Barauli Ka Pura, Talab Sahi, Janura.

  1. Baseri Kachchhanpura, Khidarpur, Angai, Thawa, Dhond, Bidarpur,

Tilawa, Birja, Dhor, Nandanpur, Tajpur, Sar Mathura, Badarea, Chand, Kharagpura.

 

The deposits mentioned above have splittable and blockable sandstone. The blocks of 8’x4’x3′ and even bigger size can be excavated. In general, Dholpur (Rajasthan) Sandstone contains 98.20% SiO2, 0.840% Fe2O3, 0.32% Al2O3, 0.28% CaO, MgO is absent and loss on ignition is nil. Physically this sandstone has 2.40 kg/m3 density, 1.20% Water absorption, 208 kg/cm2 Modulus of Rupture and 460 kg/cm2 compressive strength.

A total of 64 leases of sandstones are in operation in the district.

Lime Stone: The Vindhyan Limestone occurs in and along the banks of Chambal river. It is grey in colour, fine to medium grained and massive. At present, there is no mining lease for limestone. The main locations of limestone are Sawar Pali, Basai Dang and Rojai Kalan in tehsil Dholpur (Rajasthan).

Masonry Stone: The sandstone which is hard and compact but does not has splittability, is used as masonry stone in the form of Khanda, Gitty & boulders. The leases of Khanda, Gitty, boulders & Bajari are distributed throught the district. It is also supplied to the neighbouring parts of M.P. and V.P. States. The prominent deposits are listed below:

Tehsil                         Village

  1. Dholpur (Rajasthan) Chandpura, Narpura, Bhilgaon, Surajpura, Bishnoda, Kotra,

Panch Gaon, Purani Chhawani.

  1. Rajakhera Pahari, Mairana.
  2. Sepau Rundh-Rajaura.

 

There are 22 working leases for masonry stone are existing in the district.

Mineral Administration: The Mineral Administration in the district is looked after by Mining Engineer, Dholpur (Rajasthan) under supervision of the Superintending Mining Engineer, Bharatpur and Addl. Director, Mines, Jaipur Zone. The geological work is carried out by the Senior Geologist, Alwar, who works under the supervision of the Superintending Geologist, Jaipur Region and Addl. Director, Geology, Jaipur Zone.

The telephone numbers of these offices are given below:

 

Addl. Director, Mines, Jaipur Zone, Jaipur                      :           0141-2227505 (0)    –

Addl. Director, Geology, Jaipur Zone, Jaipur                  :           0141-2227234 (0) 2308239(R

Superintending Mining Engineer, Bharatpur                 :           05644-222421 (0)    –

Superintending Geologist, Jaipur Region, Jaipur         :           0141- 2224687(0) 2391848(R

Mining Engineer, Dholpur (Rajasthan)                                       :           05642-220762 (0) 220762 (R

Senior Geologist, Alwar                                          :           0144-2731099 (0)

 

Mineral statistics of Dholpur (Rajasthan) District (Year 2004-05)

 

S.N o. Minerals No. of leases Production Sale value Revenue
      (000 tonnes) (Rs. in Lacs) (Rs in .000)
1. Sandstone 65 589.73 1769.19 34462.15
2. Limestone
3. Masonry stone 22 532.60 166.00 304.89

 

Unpublished Geological Reports of Dholpur (Rajasthan) district

  1. Department of Mines & Geology

Swami, S.K.; A report on study of splittable sandstone in Bari-Karauli area. (FS.1982-83,R-811).

Luhadia, K.C.; A report on reconnaissance studies for splittable sandstone and other economic minerals in extension of lease hold area, and regional report of Dholpur (Rajasthan) distt. (F.S. 1985-86, R-923).

Jain, Rajesh & Verdia, P.K.; A report on study of splittable sandstone in Dholpur (Rajasthan) distt (FS. 93-94 , R-1311).

Purohit, S.N., Nirwan, G.S. & Swami, S.K.; Regional assessment of splittable sandstone around villages Bansara, Jaipur, Dhaur and Pipraun, teh. Baseri, distt. Dholpur (Rajasthan) (R-1394).

Shekhawat, P.S. & Bhardwaj, A; Evaluation of sandstone deposits in the Dholpur (Rajasthan) distt. (FS. 97-98, R-1435).

Shekhawat, P.S. & Bhardwaj, A; Regional Mineral Survey for locating potential sandstone areas around village Sanora, Khanpur, distt. Dholpur (Rajasthan) (F.S. 96-97, R-1436).

Shekhawat, P.S. & Sharma, Ajay; To locate potential splittable sandstone area N /V Bari, Khatenpura, Khanpur etc., teh. Bari, distt. Dholpur (Rajasthan). (F.S. 98-99, R-1437).

Shekhawat, P.S. & Sharma, Ajay; To locate potential splittable sandstone area around villages Barauli, Manpuras, Udalpura etc., teh. Sirmathura, distt. Dholpur (Rajasthan) (F.S. 97-98, R-1438).

Shekhawat, P.S. & Sharma, Ajay; To locate potential splittable sandstone area near villages Birja, Dhamoh, Sone Ka Gurja, Golari etc., teh. Bari, distt. Dholpur (Rajasthan) (FS. 99-2000, R-1439).

Swami, S.K. & Purohit, S.N.; Regional assessnent of splittable sandstone around villages Bansari, Tajpur, Dhaur and Pipraun, teh. Baseri, distt. Dholpur (Rajasthan) (R-1570).

Shekhawat, P.S. & Jangid, O.P.; To locate potential splittable sandstone area around villages Kot, Bajna, Pipraun, Tajpur etc. of tehsil Baseri, distt. Dholpur (Rajasthan) (R-1786).

  1. Geological Survey of India

Sahu, R.L.; Geological Mapping of Vindhyan Part-A, Maraiona-Rajakheda, Dholppr district. Part-B, Baretyha_Sepau area, Bharatpur and Dhaulpur districts, Rajasthan. (F.5.1986-87,R-1761).

Bavaji, I.R.; A report on resistivity survey in parts of Gambhiri river basin in Eastern Rajasthan (R-1801

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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