DMPQ:Give an account about the Iron ore reserve in India.

DRAW MAP

Major Iron ore reserve are in :

  1. Odisha

The ores are rich in haematites.India’s richest haematite deposits are located in Barabil-Koira valley.Others: Sundargarh, Mayurbhanj, Cuttack, Sambalpur, Keonjhar and Koraput districts.

  1. Jharkhand

25 per cent of reserves.First mine in Singhbhum district in 1904.Iron ore of here is of highest quality and will last for hundreds of years.Noamandi mines in Singhbhum are the richest.

Magnetite ores occur near Daltenganj in Palamu district.

  1. Karnataka

Iron ores are widely distributed.High grade ore deposits are those of Kemmangundi in Bababudan hills of Chikmagalurdistrict and Sandur and Hospet in Bellary [Lot of Mining Mafia].Most of the ores are high grade haematite and magnetite.

  1. Chattisgarh

Bailadila mine is the largest mechanised mine in Asia [Ore benefication only done here]A 270 km long slurry (a semi-liquid mixture) pipeline from the Bailadila to Vizag plant transports the ore slurry.Smelting is done in Vizag [Vishakhapatnam] iron and steel factory.Bailadila’s high grade ore is exported through Vishakhapatnam to Japan [No iron ore in Japan. But market is huge due to automobile industry] and other countriesThe Dalli-Rajhara range is 32 km long [ferrous content 68-69 per cent] range with significant reserves.

 

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