. According to Article 315 of the Indian constitution, there shall be a permanent UPSC (Union Public Service Commission). This body will conduct exam to appoint candidates to different posts of Indian Civil Services under the government of India. Part XIV in the Article 315 to 323 of the Indian Constitution deals with the appointment of UPSC members, functions and powers of UPSC.
The UPSC comprises of a chairman and ten members. The President of India appoints the UPSC Chairman and other members. Each member holds office for a tenure of 6 years or till he becomes the age of 65 years.
Under Article 320 of the Constitution of India, the Commission is, inter-alia, required to be consulted on all matters relating to recruitment to civil services and posts. The functions of the Commission under Article 320 of the Constitution are:
- Conduct examinations for appointment to the services of the Union.
- Direct recruitment by selection through interviews.
- Appointment of officers on promotion / deputation / absorption.
- Framing and amendment of Recruitment Rules for various services and posts under the Government.
- Disciplinary cases relating to different Civil Services.
- Advising the Government on any matter referred to the Commission by the President of India.
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