DMPQ: What is gram sabha? Write down its functions and challenges faced by gram sabha? ( Polity)

Gram sabha is defined in the constitution under article 243b. It is the primary body of the panchayati Raj system.  It is the sabha of electorate.

Functions of Gram Sabha:

  • Considers the annual budget of the Panchayat.
  • Consider the annual admin report of the panchayats
  • Consider proposal for enhancement of taxes and fresh taxation
  • In many states it is involved in the selection of schemes, identification of beneficiaries.
  • It also carry out the social audit of the schemes.
  • In many states like MP, Rajasthan , Chattisgarh Gram sabha has been given the power of recall.

Challenges faced by GS:

  • Large size of gram sabha
  • Lack of awareness among villagers.
  • Irregular meetings.
  • Gram panchayats heads often held meeting at critical points during the year to avoid a situation where too many questions are asked like peak sowing season or peak harvest season.
  • The agenda hijacked by the dominant caste groups.
  • Poor participation of women.