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DMPQ: What are neutrinos? How they are formed and list down their applications.

RAS/RTS Prelims and Mains Exam Preparation

Neutrinos are the elementary particles found in the universe, which have no charge and have very little mass. They are electrically neutral and have weak interactive force. They are generally formed in the nuclear core of the sun. Radio active decay is also one of the source of neutrinos.

They have the unique property of passing through materials without interacting. Hence, they can travel up-to large distances everyday trillions of them pass through us without getting affected. This unique property is useful in the application part. The various applications of Neutrino are:

Data communication: They could be used for faster fata communication because they travel large distances without getting attenuated. Less energy loss over long distance.

Minerology: As they change their direction and spin , depending upon the medium they pass, they could be utilised to map resources inside earth.

Nuclear proliferation detection: They could be used to remotely detect nuclear proliferation, as radiation are routinely generated by radioactive activities.

Wll enrich our web of knowledge:      Neutrinos could also be helpful in unearthing the mystery of dark matters, because they are few of the particles that pass through dark matter.

Disaster prediction: The neutrinos produced by radioactive decay can give valuable information about earthquakes.

 

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