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Tribal community of Rajasthan: Bhil, Mina (Meena) and Garasia.

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Name

Geographical location and populations

History and lineage

Economic activity

Social and Family life MEENA

Constitute about 51.20% of population and concentrated in districts of Jaipur,Dausa,Sawai Madhopur,Rajsamand and Udaipur

Word meena means fish, Chandrabhardai states their origin to the kingdom south of alwar,dausa and bharatpur prior to Rajput rule

They are divided into the Zamindars and Chaukidars.

Bhrama,Gandharva and Rakshasha form of marriage were prevalent in meenas. Divorce is not common but husband can tear a piece of dupatta and put in palm of wife to divorce.

Chaukidar meens consider themselves to be superior and are seldom involved in criminal activities.

Family is patrilineal and joint in nature. BHIL

Largely settled in Banswara,Bhilwara, Dungapur, Udaipur,Sirohi and Chitorgarh Districts

Anthropologists consider them to be decedents of Mundas, Col. Tod consider them to be the aboriginal inhabitants of aravali area of then Mewar state.

They were traditionally nomadic but now they practice Chaimata(Burnig of hill slopes for cereals,pulses and vegetables cultivation) and Dajia(felling forest of plains) type of Agriculture.

They wrap Falu around their wriest. Their houses are known as Koo Village chief is called Tadvi and Banso. They eat non vegiteranian food and are habitual drinker of Mahua(local wine) GARASIYA

Mainly in Udaipur District

Decendents of Chauhans and rajputs.

Mainly depends on agriculture and cattle rearing

They have patrilineal family.

Three form of marriage (i)Mor Bandhiya (ii)Paharwana (iii) Tanna are prevalent. Widow remarriage is prevalent. SANSI

Bharatpur

Trace to person named Sansmal

They live nomadic life, small scale handicrafs and cottage industries

They don’t have permanent residence and are exogamous in nature. Widow marriage is not allowed. SAHARIYA

Kota

aborginal

Farming and cattle breading.

Their villages are known sahrol They are peace loving

Sagotra marriage is forbidden KANJAR

Kota,Bundi,Jhalawara,

Wanderers

Theivery,Dacoity and highway robbery

Head is known as Patel.

Bhilwara,alwar,Udaipur,

Of wood

They worship “Pati Manga” before their criminal activities.

They take oath of Hakam raja

And Ajmer

Non vegetarian and alcholic KATHODI

Kotari Tehsil in Baran

Agricultural labours

DAMORE

Seeemalwara panchayat of Dungarpur

Trace their origin to Rajputs

Farming

They are non-vegetarian and drink alcohol.

Widow goes for Nata ie informal marriage with some person. Child Mundan is prevalent. Highly Superstitious and believes in ghosts and magic

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