Geographical location and populations
History and lineage
Social and Family life MEENA
Constitute about 51.20% of population and concentrated in districts of Jaipur,Dausa,Sawai Madhopur,Rajsamand and Udaipur
Word meena means fish, Chandrabhardai states their origin to the kingdom south of alwar,dausa and bharatpur prior to Rajput rule
They are divided into the Zamindars and Chaukidars.
Bhrama,Gandharva and Rakshasha form of marriage were prevalent in meenas. Divorce is not common but husband can tear a piece of dupatta and put in palm of wife to divorce.
Chaukidar meens consider themselves to be superior and are seldom involved in criminal activities.
Family is patrilineal and joint in nature. BHIL
Largely settled in Banswara,Bhilwara, Dungapur, Udaipur,Sirohi and Chitorgarh Districts
Anthropologists consider them to be decedents of Mundas, Col. Tod consider them to be the aboriginal inhabitants of aravali area of then Mewar state.
They were traditionally nomadic but now they practice Chaimata(Burnig of hill slopes for cereals,pulses and vegetables cultivation) and Dajia(felling forest of plains) type of Agriculture.
They wrap Falu around their wriest. Their houses are known as Koo Village chief is called Tadvi and Banso. They eat non vegiteranian food and are habitual drinker of Mahua(local wine) GARASIYA
Mainly in Udaipur District
Decendents of Chauhans and rajputs.
Mainly depends on agriculture and cattle rearing
They have patrilineal family.
Three form of marriage (i)Mor Bandhiya (ii)Paharwana (iii) Tanna are prevalent. Widow remarriage is prevalent. SANSI
Trace to person named Sansmal
They live nomadic life, small scale handicrafs and cottage industries
They don’t have permanent residence and are exogamous in nature. Widow marriage is not allowed. SAHARIYA
Farming and cattle breading.
Their villages are known sahrol They are peace loving
Sagotra marriage is forbidden KANJAR
Theivery,Dacoity and highway robbery
Head is known as Patel.
They worship “Pati Manga” before their criminal activities.
They take oath of Hakam raja
Non vegetarian and alcholic KATHODI
Kotari Tehsil in Baran
Seeemalwara panchayat of Dungarpur
Trace their origin to Rajputs
They are non-vegetarian and drink alcohol.
Widow goes for Nata ie informal marriage with some person. Child Mundan is prevalent. Highly Superstitious and believes in ghosts and magic