Rajasthan ranks second only to Jharkhand in the availability of minerals and is blessed with 79 different minerals.
Rajasthan has a monopoly in Non-Metallic Minerals ,while Rajasthan is not so rich in metallic minerals but the quality of metallic minerals available in the state is high.
Although Rajasthan is not rich in Iron ore deposits but the available deposits of iron ore are of high quality. Various iron ore fields of Rajasthan are as follows:-
1- North Eastern Fields:- It has following areas
- Morija-Banol Area in Amber tehsil of Jaipur
- Nimalo-Raisalo Area near Dausa
- Dabla-Singhana-NeemKa Thana in Jhunjunu
2- South Easter Fields:- It has following areas
- NathraKa Pal -east of Udaipur
- ThurHunder Deposits- north-west of Udaipur
- Rajasthan is poor in Mangnese resources which are used in preparation of steel, fertilizers,chemical pigments, paints and vanishes.
- The deposits of mangenese are found in Banswara and Sawaibandhopurdistrics
- new deposits have been surveyed in Jaipur and Alwar districts
State has third rank after Bihar and Andhra pradesh in Copper production. themazor copper mining belts are:-
- Khetri-Singhana Belt-Jhunjhunu
- Kho-Dariba Belt- South west of alwar
- DelwaraKevroli- Sirohi District
Zinc and Lead
Zinc and Lead are found together and separated through process of refining process. Rajasthan is ranked 1st in zinc with 75 million tonnes of reserves in the state. Udaipur district has the maximum concentration of resources followed by Bhilwara. Various Zinc and Lead mining regions of the state are:-
- South eastern region- near Udaipur
- North eastern region- SawaiMadhopur and Alwar Districts
- Central Region- Bhilwara District.
- Rajasthan is the only producer of Tungsten which is used in making iron alloys, bulbs.
- the only source of mineral is Degana in Nagaur District.
Rajasthan has a monopoly over the non-metallic mineral resources.
- Gypsum has great use in fertilizers,plaster of paris,cement,paints and medicine.
- Deposits of Gypsum are found in the Paleochannelsie the riverbeds of ancient rivers.
Different gypsum producing areas of state are:-
- Nagaur District
- Bikaner-Gangnagar District
- Churu District
- Jaisalmer-Jodhpur-Barmer Districts
- Mica forms a major constituent of pegmatites and is chiefly used in electrical insulation.
- The mazor mica producing belt of rajasthan runs from NE-SW direction
Major belts are:-
- North Eastern Mica Belts- Tonk and Jaipur
- South Western Mica Belt- Bhilwara and Rajsamand
- Scattered Mica Belt- Sikar
- Its used in Glass, Pottery and enamel industries.
- Rajasthan is the chief producer of felspar in the country
- Major areas are- Jaipur,Ajmer,Pali,Tonk and Sikar
- Its mainly an insulating mineral and is used for cement,roofing sheets and pipes.
- Kherwara and Rikhabdeo are the main areas of Abestos production
Petroleum, natural gas, coal, nitrogen, uranium and water power are examples of conventional sources of energy. They’re also called non-renewable sources of energy and are mainly fossil fuels, except water power.
Rising growth of population has created a tremendous pressure on the conventional resources of energy and thus the concept of sustainable development get prominent position.
Rajasthan has great source of conventional energy resources which have played a key role in the modern agricultural, industrial and economic development.
Rajasthan is poor in coal resources and legnite coal of tertiary era is found in the state. Major lignite deposits of Rajasthan are:-
- Palana lignite deposits- South of Bikaner
- Kapurdi- Barmer
- Merta- Nagaur
- Gurha- Bikaner
Oil and Natural Gas
The extensive occurrences of petroliferous basins in Western Rajasthan have made it a large potential region for hydrocarbons. With the untiring efforts of State Government, a total of 400.00 million tones of crude oil prospectus and 11.79 billion cubic meters of gas have been proved in the State, which has opened the path of rapid economic development of the State.
- Barmer-Sanchore Basin,
- Jaisalmer Basin &
- Bikaner-Nagaur Basin,
which has the potential of hydrocarbon and lignite deposits. These three petroliferous basins are now recognized as Category-Ion the basis of their proven commercial productivity.
Various projects started by government are:-
- COAL BED METHANE (CBM)
- UNDERGROUND COAL GASIFICATION (UCG)
- GAS CO-OPERATION AGREEMENT (GCA)
Import of oil and natural gas has been a major burden on Indian economy and the production of hydrocarbons from the basins of Rajasthan has been a boon for the nation
- Nuclear resources in rajasthan could help a great deal in the energy security of the nation
- The deposit found at Rohil in Rajasthan’s Sikar district is estimated at 5,185 tonnes, which makes it the fourth largest in the country after Tummalapalle, Chitrial and Peddagattu extension in Andhra Pradesh.
- The new site is close to the Rohil North region, which has already been found to have a deposit of about 381 tonnes.
Public Private Partnership Model for Economic Transformation in the State.
jasthan ranks fourth in the list of Public Private Partnership (PPP) projects in the country. As per a report released by the Assocham, there are seven major urban development projects worth over Rs 1,400 crore currently being undertaken in construction sector in PPP mode and several others in rural areas.
The state government, with its strong inclination for developing infrastructure through support from private sector, has fast-tracked various projects under PPP. Some of the projects in the ongoing scheme in urban areas include:-
- alternate route to Ghat Ki Ghuni (Rs 150 cr),
- ring road project (Rs 890 cr),
- multi-level parking at Ashok Marg (Rs 90 cr) and
- affordable housing scheme (Rs 348 cr).
Apart from it, thirty road projects entailing investment of Rs 4733.40 crore are under implementation. Two major projects namely :-
- Jaipur to Bhilwara project and
- Chomu to Mahla via Renwal, Jobner
have been taken up with VGF (viability gap fund) assistance for state highways having a length 294 km and costing Rs 354 crore.
“To develop the necessary infrastructure in the state, it has become necessary to engage private sector. It reduces the financial burden at the same time provides needed services,” said SahntiDhariwal, UDH minister.
However, the major projects in PPP mode has been initiated in power sector.
- Lignite-based power plant at Bhadresh in Barmer alone stands at Rs 5,000 cr.
- phase-II of Jaipur Metro. From Sitapura to Ambabari, with estimated cost of Rs 6,583 crore), the operation and maintenance of entire network is proposed on PPP mode.
“The road and power sector are capital intensive projects. Apart from it consumes lot of time and resources and at present no government in the country is equipped to carry mega projects at one go. Managing them is a big issue given the scarcity of engineers in the government,” said a senior official of the planning department.
“The government itself is not equipped with so much of resources to carry it on its own. That is why we now have a separate policy on PPP both at centre and state level,” he added.